From Farm & Dairy:
But millions of gallons of fluids are being used to drill and fracture those wells.
“Water management costs are significant — $2-$15 per barrel to dispose of the fluids,” he said. “When you think of millions of barrels being produced each day, those numbers add up quickly.”
Penn State’s Marcellus center reports between 5 and 25 percent of the cost to drill and develop a shale well is in managing the fluids.
Drillers use 50,000 to 100,000 gallons of water in the drilling process and 3- to 10-plus million gallons of water to hydraulically fracture a single well, according to 2016 reports from Penn State.
The fluid has to be managed before and after the well is drilled and/or fractured.Read more by clicking here.
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